KNOW THE DANGER
Diabetes is a condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are 2 main types of diabetes: type 1 – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin; type 2 – where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1.1
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your chances of heart and kidney problems go up.2 You can reduce the risk of developing these and other complications of type 2 diabetes, by managing your condition with the help of your healthcare professional.
Heart failure is a long-term condition where the heart doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Heart failure is progressive and is more likely to be fatal in the severe stages of the disease. High blood sugar can damage your blood vessels, which may lead to chronic kidney disease. If left undiagnosed and untreated, chronic kidney disease can eventually require dialysis or a kidney transplant.3 However, with a proactive approach, you can help reduce these risks and take control of your future.
TYPE 2 DIABETES, HEART FAILURE & CKD
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that causes people to have too much glucose (sugar) in their blood. This is because the body either cannot produce enough insulin or the insulin produced does not work effectively, to enable glucose to get into your cells from the bloodstream. Over a long period of time, high glucose levels in your blood can lead to serious complications.
Heart failure is a disease that means your heart doesn’t pump blood around your body as effectively as it should. This can be because your heart muscle becomes weakened and isn’t able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs for blood and oxygen. The heart’s muscle weakness can worsen over time and may lead to serious complications.
The kidneys’ main job is to filter extra water and wastes out of your blood to make urine. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the way they should. The disease is called “chronic” because the damage to your kidneys happens slowly over several years. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body, as well as other complications.
AWARENESS AND ACTION
Below are important facts on the impact and early risks linked to Type 2 diabetes.
By knowing the risks, you can help reduce these and other complication of type 2 diabetes by managing your condition with the help of your healthcare professional.
This site has been created to help you understand the risks of heart and kidney problems with Type 2 diabetes. With this knowledge, you can take steps to help protect yourself from them.
Speak to your doctor today. The earlier you act, the greater your opportunity to help reduce your risks.
HEART FAILURE & CKD
A patient with Type 2 diabetes has a 2-5x higher chance of heart failure and a heightened threat of heart attack or stroke compared to those without.8,9 Such cardiovascular risks can threaten your entire body, resulting in frequent admissions to hospital and reduced life expectancy.3
This means blood struggles to reach the parts of your body where it’s needed most, compromising the long-term health of your organs, including the kidneys and heart.10 Such wide-ranging consequences can go well beyond blood sugar.
If you are an adult with Type 2 diabetes you are 33% more likely to be hospitalised for heart failure, than if you don’t.2 Worryingly, 50% of these cases will result in the person passing away within five years of diagnosis.12
When combined with Type 2 diabetes, life expectancy with chronic kidney disease can drop by up to 15 years for men and 16 years for women.14
It’s clear that the heart and kidney risks of Type 2 diabetes are a real cause for concern.
TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR
Speak to your doctor about Type 2 diabetes and its potential complications (such as foot problems, nerve damage and gum disease), including the steps you can take to reduce heart and kidney disease risks today.10
It’s a good idea to be prepared before you arrive for your next appointment. Keep in mind that your diabetes can change over time. Your visits with your doctor are an opportunity to talk about how potential complications of Type 2 diabetes may affect your treatment and your overall management plan.
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